Jumat, 05 Maret 2010



By: Dian Kusumanto

In the previous article we assume that the mandatory or obligatory to revolutionize the industry or palm sugar to revitalize the people. With these changes the pattern of these efforts are expected to be enjoyed by the craftsmen or farmers palm sugar. Actually this is also true for people outside the industry palm commodities, such as industry people or sugar palm sugar palm or palm leaves, which during the situation is still vulnerable to climate change and business competition business days to dating.

Revolutionize the means to make changes to the fundamental and comprehensive in a relatively short time. Revitalization means make, condition, change from the once weak and vulnerable to a strong business climate and are resistant to all circumstances. The changes that we want is to change the people who make this industry become more efficient, more competitive, able to penetrate a wider market, so getting added value for the level of income and welfare of the sugar industry business people. What are the changes that must be done to change objectives are achieved?

First adala invidual change the pattern of corporate direction, meaning the craftsmen or farmers do on their own again in the sugar industry to manage these people. Changing the culture of competing to cooperate with each other. Competing cultural and destroy each other it was deliberately created by the rogue elements who memanfaatka state for its own interests.

To equate the perception among the craftsmen, then agreed to form a group (corporate) or in the form of cooperatives, requires courage, intelligence and great extra energy. Providing an understanding of the need berkorporasi become a consistent agenda to be done. Then needed ketokohan, leadership from one or several of them.

When in a center is about 10 crafters, so if calculated with the collected his family around more than 20 people. With 20 people we can form a cooperative. It was formed with the spirit of cooperation to work together, mutually reinforcing union ranks, raising capital to address common problems and achieve common goals.

Examples like this, when the author stopped at Nongko cottage in Banyuwangi Sobo Village which is one of the center of coconut sugar crafters. Each crafter sugar penderes concurrently or all of the bugs, the work climb, pick up water as well as cooking palm sap into sugar. Most of the craftsmen are not the owner of the tree, craftsmen make cooperation with the owner of the tree with the system for the results.

For this cooperation is obligated to manage the crafters of coconut trees for the production of sugar. Each one craftsman can usually tap coconut tree until they reach 50 to 60 coconut trees, depending on the agreement with the owner of the tree. Each craftsman has a stove itself to process the sugar sap. Everything needs fuel, energy for sugar processing, the energy to market their sugar and other managed individually by the farmers or artisans.

Also what happened to the sugar crafters Bulukumba Aren people in South Sulawesi and surrounding areas. Each crafter is the owner of the sugar palm tree itself. Any crafters manage average between 4 and 10 Palm trees and a palm sugar stove cooking. This work is usually also involve other family members. Circumstances of individual patterns that are happening also in other areas of production centers of palm sugar.

As well as palm sugar crafters, farmers and craftsmen palm sugar are also doing their business independently. All the bustle began to climb trees, collect sap, tap and maintain until the sugar palm tree sap into sugar processing, looking for firewood for cooking stoves and even do product packaging and marketing of palm sugar.

For business efficiency to the people of palm sugar, coconut sugar businesses and business people from the sugar palm tree (palm sugar or palm sugar), then we should leave the pattern of individual effort on a scale small. The craftsman must unite, work together, applying the corporate pattern, using the processing equipment with adequate technology. The craftsmen have eroded individual interests are adverse to each other, but instead must unite together to overcome problems or constraints that might arise in this popular sugar business.

Reaching the benefits berkoporasi

With many things berkoporasi value added benefits that can be obtained. Added value and benefits that are available include:

1. Capacity of processing equipment becomes larger, more modern because it is designed to accommodate and manage the production of its members.

2. Fuel efficiency, because using the stove or energy-efficient equipment.

3. Labor efficiency cooker sugar, farmers or artisans have more free time for the interests of others.

4. Product quality can easily be increased, because the place and the processing conditions are created such that hieginitas level, controlling the quality of sugar could be arranged better.

5. Variation characteristics of products with better packaging, not just print the form of sugar, but it varies with powdered sugar or molasses (sugar syrup).

6. Could form a cooperative business entity or the other, because those involved were about 20 people.

7. There are greater opportunities to access capital assistance from the Bank or other financial sources. Banks have more faith in the form of business entity from the individual.

8. There are opportunities to gain attention and cooperation from the government or institutions other. Especially after this corporation is doing well and able members more value to its members.

9. With improved equipment and furnace processing of sugar, sugar business people likely to produce additional products charcoal and liquid smoke, which can exceed the sales value of sugar products themselves. Tools and models can be designed furnace itself is made alone or in cooperation with a local garage using examples existing furnace technology. Liquid smoke much needed for preservation of agricultural products, plantations, fisheries and processed foods. Liquid smoke is also necessary for farmers to substitute chemical pesticides are a health hazard for fish farmers to eradicate the disease in the fish pond, etc..

10. Dll.

Example 1: Cooperative Sugar Coconut people (advice to farmers in the coconut sugar crafters Pondok Nongko Banyuwangi)

Corporations that may form the People's sugar cooperatives, which was established on the basis of willingness of the member who may be comprised of 10 people or bugs craftsmen, artisans assistants 5-10 or 5-10 of bugs and tree owners. With at least one member 20 can be formed of a people's cooperative sugar crafters.

Coconut trees are managed for sugar of about 500 trees (50 trees / wired x 10 wired), with production of approximately 1,500 liters of juice per day (500 trees x 3 liters / day). Then the cooperative will produce palm sugar around 300 kg / day (1500 liters / day: 5 liters / kg sugar), coconut sugar price Rp 5,000 / kg of the cooperative's gross income derived from sugar sales were USD 1.5 million per day or Rp 45 million per month.

Hearth and sugar processing equipment have been repaired to enable the saving of fuel wood, husks or waste lumber, etc.. Usually every crafters needs some firewood for cooking 1 truck for 10 days, meaning that 10 Crafters needed firewood 1 truck per day. Corporation which manages the sap from these 10 artisans, with the tools and energy-efficient furnace is hany requires approximately 50% of fuel is approximately 1 truck for 2 days. If the truck weighed about 1 ton of 2-3, then every day is only half, which is about 1 to 1.5 tons of firewood.

The price of firewood in the form of sawn timber waste is in the palm sugar crafters in Banyuwangi for Rp 375,000 per truck. If the savings could reach 50% just means there are savings of about USD 187,500 per day or Rp 5,625,000 per month, or USD 67,500,000 in the year.

Labor savings craftsmen who once required 10 people or more in managing the individual sugar, or enough to be 2-3 people. Could mean energy savings of about 7-8 people. Value savings of about Rp 200,000 per day, or USD $ 6 million per month or 72 million per year. So the fuel and energy could be saved if the sugar around Rp 140 million per year. If there are 20 members of the cooperative means of additional revenue from fuel economy and power were just around Rp 7 million / year / member. Not bad right?!

Not to mention when the furnace is set in such a way that allows for other than cooking the sugar, also produces charcoal (wood, husks, etc..) And liquid smoke. For example assumed to be 1 kg of charcoal made from 4 kg of wood, and 1 liter of liquid smoke can be produced from 5 kg of wood, that every day spent 1 ton of wood will produce approximately 250 kg of charcoal and liquid smoke about 200 liters. This assumption is still very rough, the figure could be corrected, can be decreased or increased.

Besides the first product we do not think now become a new source of side income. Then how much additional revenue from the charcoal and liquid smoke this? All we know right now is the price of liquid smoke is made from coconut shell or worth between Rp 7,000 - Rp 20,000 per liter, say, Rp 10,000 per liter, then the value of 200 liters of liquid smoke is Rp 2 million per day. If charcoal can be sold at a price of Rp 1,000 per kg, then from the charcoal got additional USD 250,000 per day. Means of charcoal and liquid smoke was earning about Rp 2,250,000 per day, or Rp 67.5 million per month, or Rp 810 million per year.

Additional value the product revenue from charcoal and liquid smoke is indeed a very fantastic, so unfortunately if not utilized. If 20 people are divided to its members, the average per person will get an additional income of Rp 40.5 million per year. With fuel economy and power were, then by applying the pattern of this corporation is increased revenue opportunities around Rp 47.5 million per year per member of the corporation. Fantastic value!

How do you think?


By: Dian Kusumanto
In fiqh there known Syar'iyah 5 types of religious law over something of activities or events, that is compulsory, sunna, Mubah, makruh and unlawful. When you look at the legal level is the authors assume that the palm sugar industry revitalization of the people the law is mandatory. Because if not, perhaps carried this industry will die slowly crushed era.

This situation has even happened. The surviving industry today is a very vulnerable people. If there is a large industry with palm sugar and efficient technologies into people's sugar market, the industry is like the people on the verge of a big storm and waves that may soon be drowning.

Palm sugar industry there are many people among others in South Sulawesi, West Java, Central Java, and so forth. In general his condition is still very simple, the family managed with the tools that are still very traditional. Almost no new technological innovation from the industry since the people are known by our ancestors.

In fact, this condition experienced by the industry are also similar from palm sap material that is brown sugar or palm sugar, from the material or palmyra palm sap of palm sugar. This cottage industry similar condition, ie not many take advantage of technological advances, far from the touch technology. This is very meprihatinkan!! Well worry! Even so sad!!

Pity indeed. Ironic indeed! It is very pity, it is very ironic. Then where the role of our research institutions? Where the role of local governments? Why all the sleep snoring, as if forgotten and drunk with political affairs. This economy also needs to "dipolitiki" kok. (Angry ni yee?!). Okay let me not be a "Udun" or "ulcers" economic struggle of the people, which if broken it smelled really bad, so we try to find a solution treatment. Agree khan?

Like a doctor, if you want to treat the patient then the patient should be diagnosed first. From diagnosis is made, collected the data or images of people sugar industry in general are as follows:
1. Managed by the family of his own with a simple pattern
2. Fuel wood, most of the heavy cost burden on the industry's most popular sugar
3. A simple model of a single stove with a pot of fruit, in some places there are few semi-closed furnace model with double cauldron.
4. In general, the print producing palm sugar. Printed form is usually very typical of one region and other regions.
5. Conditions open kitchen and outside the room, or under the house or hut without walls.
6. Conditions of production and usually less hiegenis still dirty.
7. The quality of sugar is very diverse there is no guarantee of quality.
8. Sugar products are generally not branded.

This situation is a big chance to be repaired. Major change or revolution is likely to be done, and even has a popular demand that this industry survive and even reliable economy improves.

What are the mandatory agenda revitalization revolution palm sugar industry are the people? What can be done include the following:
1. Technological improvements
2. Management improvements,
3. Institutional improvement efforts,
4. Diversify products,
5. Memperluasan market.

The first improvement is the improvement of technology for efficient stove biofuel use and labor, could even produce byproducts. Perhaps we can learn from the industry Mapple Syrup in the U.S. and Canada, as my articles before writing this. Even the technology we can improve, I mean, this furnace technology but very efficient in fuel use also can result in Charcoal and Liquid Smoke is also selling high enough.

It's not just the stove, cooking stove because of this sugar we can produce wood charcoal is also pretty good price. Results of charcoal depends on the type of wood, the harder the wood the higher the charcoal. Almost all types of wood can be made charcoal. Even if the fuel could be produced husk husk charcoal. Husk charcoal can be molded into the husk charcoal briquettes, or can be used as a medium pot plant that cost quite good.

Liquid smoke may also be additional commodities from these popular sugar industry. In fact, the result could be higher than the value of sugar produced. As an illustration, if the fuel in the form of coconut shell is liquid smoke yield can reach 35-50%, charcoal, shell reaches about 40% of the weight of coconut shell. This is actually very powerful and revolutionary. Because conditions can change the flower industry deflated people into modern folk industry very profitable.

So, in addition to producing palm sugar industry is also likely to produce charcoal and liquid smoke. Liquid smoke now becomes alternative as a natural preservative that is safe, a substitute medicine for plant pesticides, for swimming, etc.. The price of liquid smoke on the market is high enough, that is between Rp 10,000 to Rp 20,000 per liter. If in a day using 1 ton of wood, it can also produce about 400 kg of charcoal and about 350 liters of liquid smoke.

With this new technology will increase the capacity of equipment. Therefore, the crafters of sugar should be incorporated into the group of crafters. The number of members of the group depends on the capacity of a tool. This is not easy, because the need to convince the crafters of the state which used to competing with each other into a state of cooperation and mutual trust. The challenge is that "hostility" is indeed sometimes deliberately "created" for the business interests of a handful of people.

So this revitalization is more appropriate if called a revolution, because it is modified is almost all aspects of customs and behavior of the starting tree owners (planters), craftsmen, gatherer, traders and consumers. This opportunity will be used by anyone. If he does not side with the people's economy, it will not change the fate of farmers and their families who had been living from the people of this industry.

Employers are required to have a conscience and a high humanism, not enough just to be commercialized for a moment that finally destroyed the sub-sub the other system. But the whole system of people-based sugar industry should be able to move forward together, in order to continue to prosper with their business sustainable and harmonious, and under God.

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