Jumat, 05 Maret 2010

AREN AND SPEAK presence of resignation from the throne SUGAR CANE SUGAR INDUSTRY NATIONAL

AREN AND SPEAK presence of resignation from the throne SUGAR CANE SUGAR INDUSTRY NATIONAL

By: Dian Kusumanto

In the June 2009 edition of No. 17-23. 3308 Year 39, Tabloid Sinar Tani includes writings about the sugar with the title "Yield Increases, Increasing Sugar Production". There was one paragraph mentioning that, the Government plans to open the sugar plantations, new sugar factories and sugarcane-based industries in some areas.

(Photo left: Mr. President Yudhoyono was inaugurated New Sugar Factory; Right: Mr. Ahmad Manggabarani, Director General of Plantation DEPTAN)

In writing the Director General of Plantation Agriculture, Mr. Ahmad Manggabarani also said that improvements are made to bring Indonesia into sugar exporter in the next 2014 years. During the year 2009, Indonesia has fully meet the needs of self-sufficiency in white crystal sugar for consumption and has stopped the import.

Mr. Dirjenbun also reported that the sugar cane plantation area increased from 427,178 hectares in 2007 to 441,318 hectares in 2009. Production of sugarcane rose from 33.066 million tons in 2007 to 34.756 million tons in 2009. While the productivity of sugarcane had increased from 77.4 tonnes / ha to 78.8 tons / ha.

In 2008 the last year I've been writing about this sort of thing with the title "Sugar Sugar Plant-Based, Why Not? Troublesome is the beginning of our government to force myself to keep making the cane as the main hope of Indonesian sugar production. Simalakama like eating fruit, hard to replace sugar cane as the raw materials of our sugar mills. The Government does not intend to seek as a solution or alternative raw materials other than cane sugar.

Let us try to count and weigh the feasibility of sugar cane as the mainstay of Indonesia. The first of the productivity of the average reached only 78.8 tons / ha, put the word rendemennya reached 10%, then the sugar obtained only about 7.88 tons / ha / season. And our sugar yield is very hard to achieve double-digit numbers that, at most only about 8 - 9%. So, just produces sugar between 6 - 7 tons / ha / season.

The efforts have done too much, the results of research which also is not running again. All to boost the productivity of sugar cane and produce a high-rise. But until now still not able to change the situation, instead of sugar cane productivity was declining. Whereas the old Colonial era around the 1930's sugar cane productivity reaches its peak in the amount of 17 tons of sugar / ha / season.

At that time it could happen because of the cultivation, the colonial party can force to plant sugar cane in the fields of number fields, in the fields of the most fertile, if necessary, planting paddy was diverted and sugar cane crops overlooked. So naturally, the Dutch era enjoyed tremendous results from the sugar cane-based, so they can finance the war, built by squeezing sugar cane country to become sugar. But not only squeezed sugar cane, paddy lands we once fertile prosperous blackmail, manpower is also squeezed our farmers with forced labor. Indeed the Dutch very rude!

After the death of Dutch colonialism and the plantation of sugar cane industry was taken over by the Government of Indonesia which is managed by state-owned sugar cane plantation and sugar factory. New full takeover completed in the 1950s, that is exactly 1957, in case we were independent on August 17, 1945, so new after 12 years of independence we are only able to take it.

(Photo: Sugar Cane Sugar Factory based)
The second cane fields also take over other food. Even now the cane fields are each competing with food crops, with rice fields that should be planted with rice and pulses, in dry fields or fields are also commonly planted with vegetables, beans, potatoes, and even fruit. So the sugar cane land was 441,318 hectares nationwide, in fact all the land to compete with other crops.

I mean this, if the plant can replace the role of Sugar cane to meet the needs and sugar production over the years, the land was the extent of nearly 450 thousand hectares could ditanamai crops, like rice, pulses, beans, vegetables and other food crops which has a higher economic value than the sugarcane.

If every acre of land in one year can be planted with rice two seasons and one season with crops such as 6 tons of rice and 4 tons of corn, so there is extra food from the 450 hectares, ie 2.7 tons of rice and 1.8 million tons of corn. This is a very significant opportunity to support the adequacy of food and feed raw materials and reduce dependence on imported food and feed ingredients.

From the farmers' acceptance of any sugar cane farming has also lost to other food commodities. Only to farmers who do not have the capital, the easiest option is to turn it over to others for planting sugar cane, and later farmers live have the results, although not much. If for other commodity farming itself is less capital, although the results were higher. This situation is experienced by many petan land should be handed over to the sugar cane plantations and sugar factories or-KUD KUD. Actually, if farmers have the capital and labor in their farming business must choose another commodity that is more profitable.

So what Sugar can be processed into white sugar? For this my brother Slamet Mr. Solomon is proved by means of the sugar factory machinery minuscule. Mini sugar factories with raw materials is established palm juice, among others in South Minahasa. Experiment to produce white sugar has been successfully done. That means it does not matter if the palm juice is processed into white sugar.

But the calculation is not profitable because for processing into white sugar requires more material, a process cycle is longer and more complicated. Thus production costs are much higher, the value of the conversion ratio of raw materials into finished products smaller. Viewed from the selling price is not much different between white sugar and brown sugar traditional. But if the white sugar very large market share and not as limited, as long as it's sugar demand is dominated by white sugar.

In contrast to the brown sugar or brown sugar from palm plant, which has not become a mass product because of the diversity of its products world wide and open. Selling price is also very diverse. As if the price can be created in such a way depending on the brand or the brand owner. Market share because it's not too broad.

Unlike the Sugar Maple tree. In the original State of Canada and northern America, the sugar is mostly in liquid form, the form of maple syrup from the tree, or often referred to as the Maple Syrup. There actually lost the popular white sugar with Maple Syrup. White sugar derived from sugar cane is considered a low level, the less nutritional value. Even considered mastermind of pure white sugar diabetes worldwide. Therefore they prefer to Maple Syrup from the Sugar White was originally from Brazil.

Trend shift consumption patterns of white sugar from sugar to a sugar crystal is a liquid or syrup is happening outside the country. Japan, Korea, Europe like the Netherlands and Germany also have long evolving pattern of sugar consumption. In the country itself is too long to happen, especially in food and beverage industry. So the trend sooner or later it will happen, this means we must anticipate the preparation of our palm sugar industry is also leading to a liquid sugar or Palm Sugar Syrup, Coconut Sugar Syrup etc..

If the actual potential seen Aren who have a great chance to replace the role of sugar as raw sugar or sweetening matter. For Aren has the greatest productivity, the highest in producing sugar. Aren in each hectare could yield up to 77 tons of sugar per / year / hectare. How did it happen? Description as follows:
a. In one hectare planted 200 trees Aren.
b. After 6-7 years of water can be harvested sap from about 75% of the population of trees, or 150 trees. Or is there a 25% tree produces sap rest.
c. If the production of palm wine is an average of 10 liters / phon / day, then the resulting juice is 10 liters / tree x 150 trees / ha = 1500 liters / hectare / day.
d. If to make 1 kg of sugar palm juice needed 7 liters, so if all the juice will be processed sugar as much: 1500 liters / ha / day: 7 liters / kg = 214.3 kg / ha / day.
e. Sugar productivity of each hectare garden Aren is:
Every day: 214.3 kg / day;
Every month: 6428.6 kg / month;
Every year: 77,142.8 kg / year; or 77 tons / year.

Advantages not only in the aspect of productivity, as a matter of the above, but also many advantages in other aspects, namely:
a. By replacing sugar with Aren, the land diperlukanlebih little (like sepuluhnya) we are able to meet the national self-sufficiency in sugar.
b. Factory production continuity running throughout the year, and manufacturers no breaks because the raw materials available koninyu every day throughout the year. Based on the Sugar Cane Factory usually only operate for about 150 days or 5 months of the year, mean 7 years did not operate the plant.
c. Development investment costs based sugar factory Aren much cheaper than cane-based sugar factory. Even if the factory had been built too large, the people of the sugar industry was able to overcome the problem of processing the raw materials produced by the community.
d. Cane land is now also compete with food crops. So in an era where food security is a priority both for government programs, or market demand continues to increase. So sooner or later expected to commodity Cane pressed by economic and political impetus to the stronger.
e. Aren different plants are very flexible, can be planted on sloping land, hillside slopes, banks, the former had left the forest, or land that previously was not productive. So with the presence of plants can make Palm more productive land and double as rescue environments and landslide prevention.
f. Dll.

So living will and political awareness, which will change the national sugar industry policy was originally emigrated from made from raw sugar cane at the plantation-based sugar factory Aren. So before the compulsion in the policy change, should be conscious that policy makers take the baton of command to gradually prepare the resignation of the cane sugar industry in the throne of national industry. And to prepare everything to meet the Sugar plantations which appear in the highest throne of our national sugar industry.

From kebunaren to the world

OCOP PAK: Preparing Designing Large-Scale Palm Seedlings in East Kalimantan
From kebunaren to the world

By: Dian Kusumanto

Is Ir. Sofyan Yadi HM Noor, the Chairman KTNA East Kalimantan Province, which is also the Vice Chairman of East Kalimantan Province HKTI, agriculture is a character who is very tenacious. In May last Mr. Ocop, so we used to call, I ordered the seed sprouts and seedlings Aren Aren ready to plant a sufficient number of lots. As a friend of mine tried to serve the best, as well as I did to the other Aren seed buyer.

At the beginning of this July, finally we can meet again directly in Samarinda. In April of last month we've met each other in Jakarta, at the time there Rapim KTNA event. From now on that we continue to interact specifically about Aren development plans in East Kalimantan. He was a solid show, as a character in East Kalimanta, Mr. Ocop well as officials in the DPP KTNA Terrace Center. Some thoughts from Mr. Ocop also very keen to take part in development programs in the Aren future.

Been asked by some friends, why not plant kok Aren? Mr. Ocop only give a mild course, is that now sticks Aren, Aren fibers are diminai world for various handicrafts, brooms, industrial materials, and various other purposes. That's the only by-products, not to mention the main of which every day sap can be tapped, could be processed into sugar, Bioethanol, Drug Material, Material Industry Beauty, various drinks and food, etc..

Mr. Ocop also very confident, because without being treated in a special, let alone even the farmers and only takes a result, the contribution to the Sugar tree farmers are already quite high, especially if the tree is treated special Aren. Palm instance, because dipiara well, with good plantation he can also become a mainstay of the family. Moreover, the potential Aren more powerful than the Palm. How we can live well and treat him special, that Palm also provides exceptional results. That's why he was determined to not miss the East Kalimantan to develop Aren, even if he could become a leader in the management of a modern Aren garden.

There is a very big chance that the central Kaltim Aren development program, although Kaltim far does not include center Aren plants, but Kaltim has a very wide area to create a modern Palm plantation. This modern Sugar Plantation will become a regional icon is calculated as the center Aren development programs in Indonesia, even the world. From the garden Aren to the world. Maybe that motto.

Mr. Ocop have yan steps evident in every business. I never offer to hold the socialization of the Palm in East Kalimantan, Mr. Ocop memlih not yet. "Not yet Mas Dian, it later". We first planted in our own garden and prepare a lot of nurseries. Because if later seminar attracted people to then ask the seeds, we'll be confused. We should first mantabkan our research and we wake up before seeding system which refers to Aren GAP (Good Agriculture Practices) with a large enough scale.

There is a very big chance that opportunity could be Kaltim center Aren pengebangan program in Indonesia. While all this does not include center Kaltim Aren plants, but East Kalimantan has the potential vast land for the creation of a modern Palm plantation. Modern Sugar Plantation is to be used as icon or measure, whether a region is calculated as the center Aren development program in Indonesia, even as the world.

Mr. Ocop have steps in any real business. I never offer socialization of Aren untukmengadakan in East Kalimantan by holding seminars, but Mr. Ocop chose not yet. According to Mr. Ocop should we as the initiator of this mempeloporinya with first planted seedlings and prepare a lot. Because if later seminars, then a lot of people who are interested to develop it, then ask for seeds, seedlings will be trouble if not ready. Thinks it would be better if we had mantabkan research and building systems Aren good breeding with a large enough scale.

The author would appreciate your opinion of this Ocop, because it is known he was a tenacious and a successful businessman in East Kalimantan. Orchards Mr. Ocop as I know there's about 50 hectares, besides Mr. Ocop a horticultural garden well-managed with the kind of commodities like chilli, tomatoes, watermelons, melons and others. Mr. Ocop also a producer of oil palm seedlings ready for planting large enough in the province of East Kalimantan. Quality seed is well known enough among the existing seed producers. Experience in the field of plant perbibitan had long practiced, he had also served a variety of seed planting or replanting crops in almost all East Kalimantan.

As the character of East Kalimantan Province, Mr. Ocop also very close to the other Kaltim figures, including the Governor Mr. H. Awang Faroek Ishak (Governor AFI). Aren program in East Kalimantan, Mr. cop is my pledge to introduce to the Governor Aren AFI. Frankly, my obsession is to realize that the East Kalimantan province became iconnya National Aren. Therefore the initial step is the establishment of Breeding Center Aren professional with a national scale, and then building a modern plantation Aren, Aren new national icon can be recognized.

Actually there are some areas that have been very existence as the National Sugar production centers, but they do not have 2 of the above, then in this perspective they are not worthy of being a national icon Aren. North Sulawesi, for example, despite having a population of very large Aren, and there is also the Research Center of the Palm BALITKA Manado, but from the management side of the garden is still normal, seedlings also belm menasional, processing plant there but not really great.

National Program of Palm, so far nothing yet. Director General Agriculture Plantation Road Mapyang not have a clear idea of the National Aren program. There are new statements to some experts and national leaders yag not accompanied by steps that concrete and real. However there is also the establishment of processing plants such as in Tomohon Aren Flammable established by Mr. President SBY.

The steps that have not been systematic, but still sporadic disesuaiakn with existing development. Sugar industry but if not supported by modern plantation, became uneconomical and inefficient. Palm Sugar Pabri T, can be a concrete example of the need in synergy between the modern garden pengembagan integrated processing units.

Aren population scattered, scattered in areas relatively far from each other, while access to harvesting, transporting to the plant sap which is far and hard, raw materials management, institutional farmers, and so on are not ready to support the industrialization Aren. It could be said that Palm Sugar Factory Tomohon (PT Masarang) is being jammed, or not working as it should.

Apparently Aren Nira characteristics that will experience rapid fermentation in time is not yet fully resolved. Which is very difficult to actually handling the farmer level was. Because of limited facilities, the distance between trees that are relatively far from each other, making farmers can not maintain the desired quality of the plant sap. Finally, equipment manufacturers must design resilient materials with acid levels high enough because the sap has experienced fermentation.

It should Nira Sugar Processing Factory was designed for some of these so keungkinan The factory has an incomplete units as follows:

1. Processing stations and collecting sap with pre treatmennt.
2. Storage tanks in accordance with the grade sap-grade (level) of a certain quality and acid levels.
3. Transportation equipment equipped with sap heating system.
4. Juice processing factory, also has processing units for some kind / grade of raw materials:
a. Print Palm Sugar Unit
b. Ants Palm Sugar Unit
c. White Sugar Sugar Unit
d. Palm Sugar Unit Liquid (Syrup)
f. Sugar Syrup Unit acid (Saguer)
f. Bioethanol Unit
g. Dll.

So as if the move was to back a little, the main reason is not building the plantation system that is integrated with processing factories. Therefore, this opportunity for the region who want to become the National Aren iconnya order to prepare a development pattern that integrated Aren.

There are at least 3 (three) first thing that must be prepared, namely:
Breeding Center makes a kredible Aren.
Creating institutional actors Aren business from the beginning of development.
Sugar plantations modern building that is integrated with the construction of processing factories.

For this opinion Mr. Ocop strongly agree and will make preparations for the development of real Aren Agribusiness for welfare, especially for the East Kalimantan province and is generally to scale beloved National Indonesia Raya. Amen.

Be A Billionaire through 1 hectare intensive AREN garden

Be A Billionaire through 1 hectare intensive AREN garden

By: Dian Kusumanto

Being a billionaire? Is it possible? Especially from Aren garden that had not been attractive to investors? What might you? Etc .... Questions like these will come after you read the title of this article. Billionaires means people who have money with the amount of above Rp 1 Milyard. How about Rp 500 million, it also includes the billionaire, but still half, aka half-billionaire. But I mean this is the first, which is above USD 1 Milyard, it has the right referred to as the billionaire.

Is it possible? Then how Aren garden area in order to achieve 1 Milyard income? What's Really Just a 1 acre garden has Aren? How did this happen? A volley of questions we'd like because of our curiosity with the title above. I do not mean to take your 'fancy long-winded', but I would like to invite you to create prospects and potential into reality. Aren garden that will be able to bring us to glory, wealth, achieve financial wealth, with a properly managed.

Preview chances are with such calculations:

1. One Hectare Aren garden planted 200 trees, with a spacing of 5 x 10; or 6 x 8 m2.

2. With good maintenance, after 6-7 years the whole tree can produce with tap percentage of 80% or 160 trees per day.

3. With the appropriate maintenance 'SOP kebunaren DK' the sap productivity will reach 15 liters / day / tree.

4. So sap production from 1 hectare garden is Aren 160 trees x 15 liters / r / Phn = 2400 liters / day / hectare

5. Nira 2400 liters / day will be processed into Organic Palm Sugar (GAO), as much as 400 kg / day.

6. If the GAO is the selling price of Rp 10,000 / kg, it will obtain income from 1 hectare garden Aren: 400 kg / day x Rp 10,000 / kg = Rp 4 million / day.

7. Gross Revenue USD 4 million / day, or USD 120 million / month, or USD 1.44 Milyard per year.

8. USD 1.44 Milyard more than Rp 1 Milyard, meaning that get called a billionaire.

From the assumptions on which needs to be seen are the numbers is not too fantastic, or difficult to achieve. No, absolutely not. Because in reality, many farmers who achieve above figures earlier assumptions, for example:

1. Production of palm plantation farmers who have reached 40 liters per tree as I see it in Mambunut Nunukan. In South Sulawesi Soppeng many peasant farmers who can reach 20 liters / tree / day. Meanwhile, in North Sulawesi, many farmers say that they can get sap 20-25 liters / day / tree.

2. Sugar Sugar prices used in the local market is more than $ 10,000, let alone Organic Palm Sugar (GAO) in a more specific market and export prices. For the overseas market prices at least in the top exporter of USD 15,000 to 20,000 / kg.
3. So the numbers to achieve the billionaire's name is not too bombastic, or impossible to achieve. That number is likely to be achieved if the management in accordance with the 'SOP kebunaren DK'.

SPEAK rise of industry AREN

SPEAK rise of industry AREN

By: Dian Kusumanto

Industry is a system that processes raw materials into a product that has added value. Sugar industry means a system of processing raw materials into a Palm tree or a variety of value-added products. Raw materials originating from Palm trees include: juice, fruit kolang forth, fibers, sticks, leaves, flour, wood stems, roots, and others.

While value-added products that had been produced from sugar industrial systems including: print palm sugar, palm sugar ant, the sugar white crystal sugar, sugar, liquid sugar, sugar plates, sugar palm, saguer, wine, legendary, cap mice, bioethanol, wine palm (palm wine), fibers, brooms, brushes, rope fibers, fiber sheets, roof of the fibers, and fro, broom stick, palm stick skewers, flour sugar, pearl sago palm, sugar palm wood various handicrafts, leather shavings palm, palm root crafts, etc..

System or series of which prepare and processing to produce raw materials and increased value added to technology, infrastructure, input from outside the system, with human resources and patterns of capital management and capital, social capital, natural capital, and sterusnya, resulting in products end (out put) the value-added as expected.

Sugar industry will rise because more of the following:
1. Products from Sugar is needed by the world market.
2. Products from Sugar has a comparative value, because it has a uniqueness that is difficult to obtain than others.
3. Aren high productivity can be plihan very profitable investment.
4. With the touch of a relatively simple technology has given added value is very promising.
5. In some areas Aren provide evidence that can be relied upon by the principals.
6. There are greater opportunities for leading the world trend in commodities that could support the sustainability of natural resources and environmentally friendly.
7. Can be developed on land with a wide climatic conditions adaptations.
8. Absorption of labor, making the commodity Aren a choice for the creation of new jobs and reduce unemployment in many regions.
9. Development can be disinergikan with various commodities to support each other.
10. etc..

Why do we have to meet? We have to meet him because:
1. That we do not miss the other countries that have and will mengembangannya secretly like Malaysia and the Philippines, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela.
2. So that we can prepare a proper strategy toward excellence kompetiif the future.
3. If the strategy is less precise then applied in the future we may lose competitive
4. Strategies that are less precise cause of our industry is not or less efficiently.
5. Error in choosing a strategy could result in counter-productive because it could weaken the public interest and would-be investors.
6. So that we can prepare simulations of alternative strategies or more mature and do not cause or reduce the error rate in the future.

With the above scheme of thinking, then meet the rise in the Sugar Industry, or "Revolsi Aren" This is necessary to build a system that integrates Sugar Industry and comprehensive. Sugar industry this system should be better than systems based Sugar Cane Industry, and should be better as well as from Palm Oil Industrial Systems.

Industrial Systems Aren why this should be built with the vision, mission and principles of "rahmatan lil 'alamin", which gives grace to nature, society and nation, can build a world more like, the new world order and bring sustainable nation in the era of Indonesia a prosperous, advanced, independent and sovereign.

Amin yaa robbal 'alamin.

By: Dian Kusumanto

There is a very intriguing phrase from Mr. Dr. Tatang H. Suriawijaya at the time he met the writer in Nunukan few months ago. That is about the culture of the people of the sugar industry Aren, Coconut, Siwalan and Sugar Cane, which is always packed in printed form into sugar shell, sugar boxes, sugar, and other other terms. This culture is not efficient, because later on when the sugar has reached the kitchen, will be sliced and then melted back again and had served with the other processed snacks. This is considered as a culture is a waste of energy and inefficient for the consumer as well as for our traditional sugar makers, should use or manufacture of sugar in the liquid benuk.

If presented, processed, marketed in the state is still liquid but with a certain consistency, so for the craftsmen or manufacturers will be able to reduce fuel costs and reduce the power to print becomes no more. Processing to become liquid would require more cooking time is short, so juice is not exposed too long in hot conditions than when the sap will be molded into solid sugar or sugar ants.

Mr. Slamet opinion Solomon, nanny blog Mini Sugar Factory as well. He said, "why sugar produced in the form of solid crystals, but every application is always sugar is melted again for food, beverage and industrial households, probably beginning before the beginning of the sugar industry for packaging liquid commodity is still difficult, only gunny packages, soap bar soap was used there was no liquid soap, shampoo also in the form of white powder there is no liquid shampoo, even most of the drug in powder form there is no cure fever and cough medicine bottles ".

Furthermore, he said, "We have also started with the world sugar sweetener in liquid form, a simple thought, a less expensive investment, a similar yield without any by product and the consumer actually benefits from karna not lose energy to melt again, the problem just alter the habitat of the market . So why are we also not immediately begin? "

Vacuum Evaporation Technology

If Mr. Tatang suggest the authors to look at technological developments Maple Syrup in Canada and Northern United States, the Pak Slamet have an opinion so that we can apply technology to the air vacuum evaporation or vacuum. Next Pak Slamet Solomon says, "The sugar is processed with liquid penguap vacuum, boiling at temperatures of 60 Celsius max gives a brighter color.

Liquid sugar is currently produced and sold in the market because of the influence of dark evaporation with direct fire. Liquid sugar of any material from sugarcane, sweet sorghum stem, palm family palm (coconut, palm, sugar palm, palm) is a good prospective opportunities and very challenging. All of which is a technological challenge, the challenge of socialization and marketing, and so is the opportunity that lies behind it big enough, the economic side of employment and the welfare of the people. This sap of various materials will be a very exciting prospect, so the liquid sugar product kitananti become very diverse and many choices.

Illustration above described traditional Technologi however with liquid sugar will be difficult to develop and market accepted, dark colors give the impression of low commodity class and unhealthy, while the touch technology will come standard products and products meet the standard. Investment in the range of hundreds of millions or billions depending on the capacity and the applied technology will be able to evoke the rural economy (palmae plants in rural areas only).

Even some liquid sugar producers usually buy from the artisans in the form of sugar that had already been printed or semi-finished, and then destroyed again and added water to the liquid sugar or sugar ants. This is clearly a waste, because of work and costs twice, while the product became darker and less attractive.

Palm Sugar Factory with empty cooking technology installed in South Minahasa produces organic sugar crystals (sugar ants) to improve the welfare of palm penderes

Vacuum evaporation technology (Vacum Evaporator) was also performed on the management of sap from Maple Tree to Maple Syrup made in Canada and America. With this vacuum evaporation technology produced Maple Syrup is a very clear and interesting as the picture below. In contrast to our Liquid Palm Sugar is still dark and felt less attractive.



By: Dian Kusumanto

I really do not believe at first, when Mas Roy Hendroko send an SMS, that AREN Program of Action into Pak Prabowo Subianto struggle. I'm a bit late to know that in March this common disorder Speedy internet connection in the City Nunukan. Understandably, there Nunukan town on the northern tip of Homeland direct border with Sabah Malaysia.

Big explosion "Sugar Revolution" did not happen. But at the beginning I started to open this blog (http://kebunaren.blogspot.com) of the Month April 2008, I predict will happen fastest 1 or 2 years to come. Last phenomenon may be part of the beginning of the "revolution Aren 'it.

Action program Pak Prabowo Subianto has mentioned a number of very clear and no doubt, that is 4 million hectares and will accommodate Aren 24 million people labor. Seems very much if the numbers do not play games, numbers that have been carefully calculated from the most appropriate combination between a statesman, a businessman and a fighter who live amid concerns of a multi-complex.

Kanjeng Sunan Bonang was The Guardian, part of the Wali Songo. He who at first hinted about the prospect of gold from Aren tree. There's a saying which says, that the guardian knows the guardian so well, meaning that it understands guardian guardian sign as well, which could translate into a revolution signal and then with a violent explosion was a saint, too. Sunan Bonang Kanjeng signal that there is a gold prospect in Palm trees were first shown to the Raden Said the bandit aka Loka Jaya, who eventually became mayor, too, namely Sunan Kalijogo. Sunan Kalijogo was a mayor of the most innovative in preaching.

For centuries this signal is buried by bleak times this archipelago nation trip, colonialism, ignorance, arrogance, pride, keegoan, arrogance of power, arrogance, etc. thinking. This gesture is like treasures buried and forgotten for centuries by the hustle and bustle of the age "kolobendu". Only a Satriyo piningitlah, which essentially is also a trustee, who will be able to lift more glorious treasure of this archipelago. This treasure will be able to pay the entire debt, buy back the dignity, the dignity of a nation that has sold, to overcome all the problems that make this nation the country down.

Is the Satriyo Piningit has come? Shawwab bi Wallohu nature. What do you think?



By: Dian Kusumanto

The title was inspired by the writing on the wall of Mother Evi FB Indrawanto the Squire Palm Sugar from Diva Maju Bersama Serpong. He partnered with many of the existing Sugar farmers in the area he lived. He is very pleased and worried at the time of the Revolution which later became Sugar Cane and vibrant as Palm, the fate of farmers did not like the sweet taste of sugar. Mrs. Evi seems this is a very Nationalist Entrepreneur, not a Laissez Faire Capitalism, Capitalism is allowing farmers to deal with capitalist monsters who are ready to pounce.

Mrs. Evi like this, "... ... ... ... ... .. When it comes to sugar revolution, God be praised when Mr. Prabowo mengujudkannya. Mudah2an not only during the campaign promises. But eventually I became ambiguous feelings, sir. Between happy and worried. Happy, if I spread sugar sdh no shortage of raw material again. Worry, if one day the farmer's fate will be like the fate of sugar cane farmers. Their sugar sweet but their fate is not like that. Do not know lah sir, we'll see what will happen. As for his own business, dijejalin so much information, have friends yg care, I still believe always successful ..............".

However farmers are part of our society who are weak and vulnerable to policy changes, changes in economic conditions, changes in the political situation. Similarly Aren farmers, who had also not been considered, yet empowered. But we need to go back to see what is actually happening in our sugarcane farmers, the fault which, so farmers do not fared as the sweet taste of sugar. After that we look to the future through the eyes of our Sugar farmers who would come.

Most cane farmers are many weaknesses that fate had a sweet, perhaps partly because of the following things are:
1. Land tenure average farmer who is still very limited and minimal. The average tenure in Java is only about 0.2 to 0.4 hectares.
2. Sugarcane productivity is declining, is now only about 7-8 tons of crystal sugar per hectare per season.
3. Sugar prices farmers unsafe level, there is no protection and are often the victims of economic circumstances Nasioal, Regional and Global.
4. Sugar Cane Industry we are very inefficient, both in the use of technology and obsolete equipment, and industrial management pattern is not flexible cane.
5. Yan government policy has not fully side with the farmers.
6. Bargaining position of the sugar cane farmers who are weak and often become victims.
7. etc..

I think for the development of Aren Revolution we can reflect to the 6 things above, so that the fate of our Sugar farmers do not like the fate of sugar cane farmers. But we will all be very sure if farmers Aren we will be able to live better and not like the fate of sugarcane farmers. Some of the things that make us very optimistic is as follows:

1. Productivity of Sugar itself is a very good indogen. Stay how we can choose the type of seeds that are high production potential. With trees that are not maintained and the number of trees just a little Sugar farmers have considerable results, especially if done a good maintenance and the number of trees harvested more, of course the result will be extraordinary. It is not too much if every tree sap to produce 10 liters per day, and not excessive in case of 200 trees in each hectare of palm produce is routinely 50% or 100 trees, so every day from every hectare palm plantation will produce 1000 liters of palm wine.
If trees well cared for and the standard would not be difficult to increase the juice to 20 liters / day / tree, and improving the tree can be harvested about 80% or 160 trees per day, then the results could niranya increased to 3200 liters / day / hectare.

2. Ownership of trees and enough land. For Sugar Land is not a rice field, but we chose the land side, lands, dry lands former unproductive forests. We can also take advantage of the yard or moor land which has not productive or can also bertumpangsari with other annual crops.

3. Sugar farmers may not depend on the Big Sugar Factory, unlike sugar cane farmers who must depend on the Sugar Factory. So farmers Aren actually still very free to go or not go in the Big Sugar industry, but the process itself memlih be niranya Sugar or alcohol or anything else. Means bergaining position or Aren farmers' bargaining position could be better than our sugar cane farmers.

4. Learning from the Craft Maple Syrup Industry in Canada and the United States, which they, each craftsman has a patent of the brand and its products independently. Farmers and craftsmen as well as directly access the market directly or Super Market deal with the importers in other countries through the Association of their fellow producers. So they can say in a bargaining position is very strong in determining the price and other terms of trade.

5. The technology applied to industrial products Aren be an efficient and oriented small industries only. If indusri let them think of themselves. Will improve when the turn of this Aren business more, not monopolized by the companies that have particularly large by the capitalist is not a nationalist. If you can not let this happen in our Sugar Industry will come.

6. Therefore Sugar Research and Development should be managed properly, could have R & D is managed and financed by the Government or by an independent party that is supported by the Sugar Association. With an active R & D so all sides of this Aren Business will continue to develop highly efficient and superior, the weaknesses that might occur can be detected as early as possible. R & D may function as business intelligence Aren, either in technology, engineering, socio-economic, etc..

7. Institutional in Business Aren be very well organized to form a networking fabric of spirit and the spirit of defending the interests of farmers Aren Indonesia. Starting from Farmer Asosasi Aren, Aren Indonesia Researcher Association, Association of Indonesian Palm Seeds Manufacturers, Palm Sugar Producers Association, Bioethanol Sugar Producers Association, Association of Businessman Aren, Aren National Revolutionary Council, etc..

8. Thus would-be government will not side with the interests of farmers and businesspeople Aren Indonesia. Because it could be perpetrators Later Aren businesses can pick and choose anywhere in favor of officials and worthy to lead this country. Similarly in the area, local leaders in favor of peasants who will be selected, which does not take sides should not have chosen.

What do you think?

Liquid Palm Sugar prospects as good to Mapple Syrup

Liquid Palm Sugar prospects as good to Mapple Syrup

Here is a letter or email that is very inspiring from Sdr. Anjar.

Dear Mr. Dian Kusumanto,

Introduce my name Anjar. I and some friends joined in a team, is currently starting the process of preparing our final assignment in the form of Business Plan. We are a student S2 Prasetiya Mulya Business School Jakarta. In this Business Plan, we are expected to develop a business prencanaan able to answer the market needs and at the same time profitable business that is run fairly sustainable. As in this initial process, we are exploring the idea and we are interested in palm sugar business prospects, especially with liquid palm sugar. Although sugar may be a product of Java sugar, sugar ants and palm sugar liquid, we are interested in liquid palm sugar because this type of sugar to the market penetration is still low.

We were recommended by Mr. Tatang from ITB to take this business topics. Mr. Dian, when the father of pleasure and do not mind, we want to correspond with the father to consult on this matter. Especially in this early stage, we want to finalize the concept of palm sugar business. There are some things I want to ask to you:
How to use liquid palm sugar in Indonesia? To what aja ...? More effective where the use of sugar ants?
Does liquid palm sugar has the same characteristics as sugar Mapple (Mapple syrup)?
Markets such as what had been effectively consume liquid palm sugar? Households, restaurants, hotels ..?
How does the system distribution / sale of the company that runs the father?
Is the company producing the father of his own palm juice or sap obtained from the local population?

All the information we collect will be used solely for educational purposes and is confidential (internal campus). Hopefully you bersdia help us. Such requests from us. The attention and assistance, we thank you ucapkap.

Anjar Titisari
Tel. 0818616371
Email. Anjar.titisari @ gmail.com
Student of MMR 36 Prasetiya Mulya Business School


Thank you for the attention of the candidates who started the attention of researchers about the prospects of domestic commodity itself. I hope the contribution of attention, thinking of ideas will benefit you the independence and sovereignty of the Indonesian nation. Amen.

We apologize if Miss Anjar Titisari less willing to post their email. Therefore, please perkenannya because your question is very important for the emergence of this discourse to build a Liquid Sugar Sugar prospects the future.

Answer / response / my idea, as follows.

Question - Answer
1. How to use liquid palm sugar in Indonesia? To what aja ...? More effective where the use of sugar ants?

Traditionally the people of Indonesia also like liquid sugar. The reason is practical. Examples:
- Sugar or brown sugar Juruh liquefied normally used to sweeten gethuk, srabi, cethot cakes,
- Sugar for sweetening liquid cendhol Ice, Ice Dhawet, Es Degan, Es Teller, etc..
- Liquid Sugar to sweeten porridge of green beans,
- Sugar in the liquid krupuk lumurkan on cassava, as a sweetener as well as decorative
- Liquid Sugar is also used for cooking banana, cassava, coconut shavings, sweet potato shavings, etc..

Sugar ants are red sugar / palm sugar in the form of powder. Traditionally used for making cakes such as:
- Fill cake klepon,
- Jembhlem pie filling (from cassava is cooked),
- Lemet pie filling (from grated cassava),
- Fill the cake Pilus (from sweet potato),
- To make juruh sugar or liquid sugar, etc..

It is more practical when using liquid sugar. If you want to compare deficiency and excess, can be arranged as follows:

Print Palm Sugar:
Pros: Took good, case is very flexible.

The downside: If you will use must be sliced first, less practical,
It is difficult to measure as necessary, easy to melt when the hot spot,
In making also requires time and special expertise

Palm Sugar Ants:
Pros: Easy pick it up as necessary, practical usage,
Flexible container.

Disadvantages: How to make it a bit complicated, less water content, weighed less,
Easy to melt or dissolve when hit hot and wet

Liquid Palm Sugar:

Pros: Easy of use, can be measuring as necessary, can be included bottles, cans, drums, etc..

Disadvantages: highly variable levels of sugar, sugar quality depends on the raw materials and the processing means, yet many marketed.

So if you want to be concluded, sebenarny the most effective, easy to make, practical in its use, and more profitable for the makers of sugar is melted palm sugar. It's just that there should be assurance of product quality. Therefore liquid Sugar Sugar company must be consistent with the defined standards or who already patented. So that consumers will trust and believe when using liquid palm sugar products specific brands, for example products Palm Sugar Syrup With him Mrs. DIVA MAJU Evi Indrawanto.

Malaysia also produces more sugar Syrup (Arenga Syrup) for domestic consumption or for export to Japan. Company Arenga Syrup Sugar Plant in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia is a joint venture company with investors from Japan.

Actually if you want a better chance of Indonesia, can work with farmers in South Sulawesi Aren (Bulukumba, Enrekang, Palopo, Tana Toraja, etc), Central Sulawesi (Palu), Toli-toli, North Sulawesi (Minahasa, North, South, Tondano, etc..), Gorontalo.
Liquid Sugar wide sense we can, because many kinds of plants to choose from. Plant sources of liquid sugar sweeteners include Palm, Coconut, Siwalan (Lontar), Nipah, etc.. There is not anything like it Mapple tree from America and Canada? If there is indeed a very practical nyadapnya.

2. Does liquid palm sugar has the same characteristics as sugar Mapple (Mapple syrup)?

Sugar Mapple seems somewhat different. Mapple Tree is not the kind of palm, are tropical trees that contain sugar most diversified palmae (Aren, coconut, Lontar, Nipah, except sugar cane). Mapple Tree obviously very different, he was able to live in the winter, and still dripping with sugar.
Characteristics of sugar is also different, Nira Mapple tree as clear as tap water but the sugar contained approximately 2-3%, whereas sap from Palm, Coconut, Nipah and Lontar whitish color and a little bit thicker, higher sugar content of about 7 - 15%.

3. Markets such as what had been effectively consume liquid palm sugar? Households, restaurants, hotels ..?

Actually, consumers will love the Sugar Liquid Sugar, because it is more practical use. The problem is to change the culture and habits that are rooted to the social engineering tricks and needs constant recognition. I think there are some strategies that should be done, among others, as follows:
- That Sugar Liquid Sugar does not lose quality with white sugar
- Advantages Liquid Sugar Sugar (GCA) should be introduced such as (organic or natural, does not endanger health, contains several specific benefits, etc..)
- Guarantee quality must be consistent. Therefore, the packaging should reflect the quality assurance of consistent quality.
- It could be given additional GCA aroma or flavor such as pandan taste, sense of coco pandan, a sense of cocoa, taste ginger, Cats Whisker GCA, GCA Mahkota Dewa, Rosella GCA, GCA Seaweed, etc..

4. How does the system distribution / sale of the company that runs the father?
5. Is the company producing the father of his own palm juice or sap obtained from the local population?

Sorry, Sugar Liquid Sugar companies have completed my (maybe next year??). But you can contact Mrs. Evi Indrawanto (http://gula-aren.blogspot.com about this, because he had experienced. I wish he would member information you need.

Do not forget to later results of studies that I also sent, to be used for nation's children for generations progress the nation. Thanks, good fight!! Hail to pack Tatang.



By: Dian Kusumanto

In the previous article we assume that the mandatory or obligatory to revolutionize the industry or palm sugar to revitalize the people. With these changes the pattern of these efforts are expected to be enjoyed by the craftsmen or farmers palm sugar. Actually this is also true for people outside the industry palm commodities, such as industry people or sugar palm sugar palm or palm leaves, which during the situation is still vulnerable to climate change and business competition business days to dating.

Revolutionize the means to make changes to the fundamental and comprehensive in a relatively short time. Revitalization means make, condition, change from the once weak and vulnerable to a strong business climate and are resistant to all circumstances. The changes that we want is to change the people who make this industry become more efficient, more competitive, able to penetrate a wider market, so getting added value for the level of income and welfare of the sugar industry business people. What are the changes that must be done to change objectives are achieved?

First adala invidual change the pattern of corporate direction, meaning the craftsmen or farmers do on their own again in the sugar industry to manage these people. Changing the culture of competing to cooperate with each other. Competing cultural and destroy each other it was deliberately created by the rogue elements who memanfaatka state for its own interests.

To equate the perception among the craftsmen, then agreed to form a group (corporate) or in the form of cooperatives, requires courage, intelligence and great extra energy. Providing an understanding of the need berkorporasi become a consistent agenda to be done. Then needed ketokohan, leadership from one or several of them.

When in a center is about 10 crafters, so if calculated with the collected his family around more than 20 people. With 20 people we can form a cooperative. It was formed with the spirit of cooperation to work together, mutually reinforcing union ranks, raising capital to address common problems and achieve common goals.

Examples like this, when the author stopped at Nongko cottage in Banyuwangi Sobo Village which is one of the center of coconut sugar crafters. Each crafter sugar penderes concurrently or all of the bugs, the work climb, pick up water as well as cooking palm sap into sugar. Most of the craftsmen are not the owner of the tree, craftsmen make cooperation with the owner of the tree with the system for the results.

For this cooperation is obligated to manage the crafters of coconut trees for the production of sugar. Each one craftsman can usually tap coconut tree until they reach 50 to 60 coconut trees, depending on the agreement with the owner of the tree. Each craftsman has a stove itself to process the sugar sap. Everything needs fuel, energy for sugar processing, the energy to market their sugar and other managed individually by the farmers or artisans.

Also what happened to the sugar crafters Bulukumba Aren people in South Sulawesi and surrounding areas. Each crafter is the owner of the sugar palm tree itself. Any crafters manage average between 4 and 10 Palm trees and a palm sugar stove cooking. This work is usually also involve other family members. Circumstances of individual patterns that are happening also in other areas of production centers of palm sugar.

As well as palm sugar crafters, farmers and craftsmen palm sugar are also doing their business independently. All the bustle began to climb trees, collect sap, tap and maintain until the sugar palm tree sap into sugar processing, looking for firewood for cooking stoves and even do product packaging and marketing of palm sugar.

For business efficiency to the people of palm sugar, coconut sugar businesses and business people from the sugar palm tree (palm sugar or palm sugar), then we should leave the pattern of individual effort on a scale small. The craftsman must unite, work together, applying the corporate pattern, using the processing equipment with adequate technology. The craftsmen have eroded individual interests are adverse to each other, but instead must unite together to overcome problems or constraints that might arise in this popular sugar business.

Reaching the benefits berkoporasi

With many things berkoporasi value added benefits that can be obtained. Added value and benefits that are available include:

1. Capacity of processing equipment becomes larger, more modern because it is designed to accommodate and manage the production of its members.

2. Fuel efficiency, because using the stove or energy-efficient equipment.

3. Labor efficiency cooker sugar, farmers or artisans have more free time for the interests of others.

4. Product quality can easily be increased, because the place and the processing conditions are created such that hieginitas level, controlling the quality of sugar could be arranged better.

5. Variation characteristics of products with better packaging, not just print the form of sugar, but it varies with powdered sugar or molasses (sugar syrup).

6. Could form a cooperative business entity or the other, because those involved were about 20 people.

7. There are greater opportunities to access capital assistance from the Bank or other financial sources. Banks have more faith in the form of business entity from the individual.

8. There are opportunities to gain attention and cooperation from the government or institutions other. Especially after this corporation is doing well and able members more value to its members.

9. With improved equipment and furnace processing of sugar, sugar business people likely to produce additional products charcoal and liquid smoke, which can exceed the sales value of sugar products themselves. Tools and models can be designed furnace itself is made alone or in cooperation with a local garage using examples existing furnace technology. Liquid smoke much needed for preservation of agricultural products, plantations, fisheries and processed foods. Liquid smoke is also necessary for farmers to substitute chemical pesticides are a health hazard for fish farmers to eradicate the disease in the fish pond, etc..

10. Dll.

Example 1: Cooperative Sugar Coconut people (advice to farmers in the coconut sugar crafters Pondok Nongko Banyuwangi)

Corporations that may form the People's sugar cooperatives, which was established on the basis of willingness of the member who may be comprised of 10 people or bugs craftsmen, artisans assistants 5-10 or 5-10 of bugs and tree owners. With at least one member 20 can be formed of a people's cooperative sugar crafters.

Coconut trees are managed for sugar of about 500 trees (50 trees / wired x 10 wired), with production of approximately 1,500 liters of juice per day (500 trees x 3 liters / day). Then the cooperative will produce palm sugar around 300 kg / day (1500 liters / day: 5 liters / kg sugar), coconut sugar price Rp 5,000 / kg of the cooperative's gross income derived from sugar sales were USD 1.5 million per day or Rp 45 million per month.

Hearth and sugar processing equipment have been repaired to enable the saving of fuel wood, husks or waste lumber, etc.. Usually every crafters needs some firewood for cooking 1 truck for 10 days, meaning that 10 Crafters needed firewood 1 truck per day. Corporation which manages the sap from these 10 artisans, with the tools and energy-efficient furnace is hany requires approximately 50% of fuel is approximately 1 truck for 2 days. If the truck weighed about 1 ton of 2-3, then every day is only half, which is about 1 to 1.5 tons of firewood.

The price of firewood in the form of sawn timber waste is in the palm sugar crafters in Banyuwangi for Rp 375,000 per truck. If the savings could reach 50% just means there are savings of about USD 187,500 per day or Rp 5,625,000 per month, or USD 67,500,000 in the year.

Labor savings craftsmen who once required 10 people or more in managing the individual sugar, or enough to be 2-3 people. Could mean energy savings of about 7-8 people. Value savings of about Rp 200,000 per day, or USD $ 6 million per month or 72 million per year. So the fuel and energy could be saved if the sugar around Rp 140 million per year. If there are 20 members of the cooperative means of additional revenue from fuel economy and power were just around Rp 7 million / year / member. Not bad right?!

Not to mention when the furnace is set in such a way that allows for other than cooking the sugar, also produces charcoal (wood, husks, etc..) And liquid smoke. For example assumed to be 1 kg of charcoal made from 4 kg of wood, and 1 liter of liquid smoke can be produced from 5 kg of wood, that every day spent 1 ton of wood will produce approximately 250 kg of charcoal and liquid smoke about 200 liters. This assumption is still very rough, the figure could be corrected, can be decreased or increased.

Besides the first product we do not think now become a new source of side income. Then how much additional revenue from the charcoal and liquid smoke this? All we know right now is the price of liquid smoke is made from coconut shell or worth between Rp 7,000 - Rp 20,000 per liter, say, Rp 10,000 per liter, then the value of 200 liters of liquid smoke is Rp 2 million per day. If charcoal can be sold at a price of Rp 1,000 per kg, then from the charcoal got additional USD 250,000 per day. Means of charcoal and liquid smoke was earning about Rp 2,250,000 per day, or Rp 67.5 million per month, or Rp 810 million per year.

Additional value the product revenue from charcoal and liquid smoke is indeed a very fantastic, so unfortunately if not utilized. If 20 people are divided to its members, the average per person will get an additional income of Rp 40.5 million per year. With fuel economy and power were, then by applying the pattern of this corporation is increased revenue opportunities around Rp 47.5 million per year per member of the corporation. Fantastic value!

How do you think?


By: Dian Kusumanto
In fiqh there known Syar'iyah 5 types of religious law over something of activities or events, that is compulsory, sunna, Mubah, makruh and unlawful. When you look at the legal level is the authors assume that the palm sugar industry revitalization of the people the law is mandatory. Because if not, perhaps carried this industry will die slowly crushed era.

This situation has even happened. The surviving industry today is a very vulnerable people. If there is a large industry with palm sugar and efficient technologies into people's sugar market, the industry is like the people on the verge of a big storm and waves that may soon be drowning.

Palm sugar industry there are many people among others in South Sulawesi, West Java, Central Java, and so forth. In general his condition is still very simple, the family managed with the tools that are still very traditional. Almost no new technological innovation from the industry since the people are known by our ancestors.

In fact, this condition experienced by the industry are also similar from palm sap material that is brown sugar or palm sugar, from the material or palmyra palm sap of palm sugar. This cottage industry similar condition, ie not many take advantage of technological advances, far from the touch technology. This is very meprihatinkan!! Well worry! Even so sad!!

Pity indeed. Ironic indeed! It is very pity, it is very ironic. Then where the role of our research institutions? Where the role of local governments? Why all the sleep snoring, as if forgotten and drunk with political affairs. This economy also needs to "dipolitiki" kok. (Angry ni yee?!). Okay let me not be a "Udun" or "ulcers" economic struggle of the people, which if broken it smelled really bad, so we try to find a solution treatment. Agree khan?

Like a doctor, if you want to treat the patient then the patient should be diagnosed first. From diagnosis is made, collected the data or images of people sugar industry in general are as follows:
1. Managed by the family of his own with a simple pattern
2. Fuel wood, most of the heavy cost burden on the industry's most popular sugar
3. A simple model of a single stove with a pot of fruit, in some places there are few semi-closed furnace model with double cauldron.
4. In general, the print producing palm sugar. Printed form is usually very typical of one region and other regions.
5. Conditions open kitchen and outside the room, or under the house or hut without walls.
6. Conditions of production and usually less hiegenis still dirty.
7. The quality of sugar is very diverse there is no guarantee of quality.
8. Sugar products are generally not branded.

This situation is a big chance to be repaired. Major change or revolution is likely to be done, and even has a popular demand that this industry survive and even reliable economy improves.

What are the mandatory agenda revitalization revolution palm sugar industry are the people? What can be done include the following:
1. Technological improvements
2. Management improvements,
3. Institutional improvement efforts,
4. Diversify products,
5. Memperluasan market.

The first improvement is the improvement of technology for efficient stove biofuel use and labor, could even produce byproducts. Perhaps we can learn from the industry Mapple Syrup in the U.S. and Canada, as my articles before writing this. Even the technology we can improve, I mean, this furnace technology but very efficient in fuel use also can result in Charcoal and Liquid Smoke is also selling high enough.

It's not just the stove, cooking stove because of this sugar we can produce wood charcoal is also pretty good price. Results of charcoal depends on the type of wood, the harder the wood the higher the charcoal. Almost all types of wood can be made charcoal. Even if the fuel could be produced husk husk charcoal. Husk charcoal can be molded into the husk charcoal briquettes, or can be used as a medium pot plant that cost quite good.

Liquid smoke may also be additional commodities from these popular sugar industry. In fact, the result could be higher than the value of sugar produced. As an illustration, if the fuel in the form of coconut shell is liquid smoke yield can reach 35-50%, charcoal, shell reaches about 40% of the weight of coconut shell. This is actually very powerful and revolutionary. Because conditions can change the flower industry deflated people into modern folk industry very profitable.

So, in addition to producing palm sugar industry is also likely to produce charcoal and liquid smoke. Liquid smoke now becomes alternative as a natural preservative that is safe, a substitute medicine for plant pesticides, for swimming, etc.. The price of liquid smoke on the market is high enough, that is between Rp 10,000 to Rp 20,000 per liter. If in a day using 1 ton of wood, it can also produce about 400 kg of charcoal and about 350 liters of liquid smoke.

With this new technology will increase the capacity of equipment. Therefore, the crafters of sugar should be incorporated into the group of crafters. The number of members of the group depends on the capacity of a tool. This is not easy, because the need to convince the crafters of the state which used to competing with each other into a state of cooperation and mutual trust. The challenge is that "hostility" is indeed sometimes deliberately "created" for the business interests of a handful of people.

So this revitalization is more appropriate if called a revolution, because it is modified is almost all aspects of customs and behavior of the starting tree owners (planters), craftsmen, gatherer, traders and consumers. This opportunity will be used by anyone. If he does not side with the people's economy, it will not change the fate of farmers and their families who had been living from the people of this industry.

Employers are required to have a conscience and a high humanism, not enough just to be commercialized for a moment that finally destroyed the sub-sub the other system. But the whole system of people-based sugar industry should be able to move forward together, in order to continue to prosper with their business sustainable and harmonious, and under God.

With Aren SIMO Fertilization Will Produce Maximum

With Aren SIMO Fertilization Will Produce Maximum

By: Dian Kusumanto

As already described in the posting in December last year, then at the beginning of 2009 the writer will continue discussion of fertilization systems on Aren SIMO method (injection system Microbes and Oxygen). Fertilization system will be oriented organic, inexpensive yet very effective and sustainable, the goal is to improve the welfare of farmers as possible.

SIMO is actually quite identical with that Biopori Kamir introduced by Mr. R. Brata from Bogor. But the technology described Biopori not many applications for aspects of plant cultivation, especially for Palm and other annual crops. Biopori seemed inspired by the flood problem that often occurs in large cities such as Jakarta and surrounding areas, the surface water catchment areas less rain.

While SIMO born because the author was inspired by the existing condition of land in Kalimantan, where the layer or layers of soil if the plant roots is relatively thin. Soil layer is relatively thin roots was caused by the soil formation process itself and the circumstances that continually menjejasnya. So what happens is growing in soil that is, the more acid soil reaction, or the lower pHnya. In fact, getting into the layers of the soil is toxic to plant roots, the plant roots system consequently less developed. As a result the development of relatively shallow roots and limited.

Limited spread of roots for the ground state of stress in the roots of plants that are not conducive to the root cause is not developed, the availability of nutrient-ready is also very limited. Thus to reach the roots can absorb nutrients that already exist on the ground was not large, and thus elements that can be absorbed by the soil was also relatively small.

To improve soil condition and soil layers underneath so it could be like if the surface-coating, it is necessary to do injections or drilling. Incorporated into the soil microbes and oxygen through deeper soil layers as deep as the root of the distribution. Microbes and oxygen will make the land condition has come to life with a healthy reaction, so the soil will naturally continuous release (yield) of nutrient elements from the decomposition of a relatively complete because of the microbes and sufficient oxygen.

How do I make a great fertilizer SIMO? Basically SIMO fertilizer tantamount to making any other liquid organic fertilizer. But the technology developed for SIMO are simpler, more flexible because it can be adapted to local conditions. Tools and Materials-flexible material and can be made by farmers with a simple way. I hope the writer will be writing meyajikan in the future, Insha Allah.

What effect is expected from the Sugar Technology SIMO?

• Regional Aren deepest roots will be rich enough to contain the microbes and terlarutnya Oxygen.

• the layer of soil reaction in a neutral place land reform Organic Materials more perfect.

• CEC (cation exchange capacity) would be better. Will be sufficient nutrients available in the region deeper roots.

• Aren more developed roots, nutrient absorption is smoother and more, so that the plant's nutritional needs fulfilled.

• Sugar Plants will grow normally and be healthier, larger stems, leaves more dense and fresh. Plant growth and development occurs normally and will bring its full potential more fully.

• Each leaf axillary bunches of flowers will be issued on time and the minimum candidate who fails to stem shoots up, because all could come just in time. Therefore, the potential number of bunches of flowers will be higher, because the roots grow in a normal and healthy and the availability of sufficient nutrients in the soil. Initiation of each potential cluster with sufficient energy to the plant will minimize the possibility of failure initiation candidates bunches. Even the candidate cluster will be up all in accordance with its potential.

• Growth and development of physical cluster supported by a strong stem and large and lush leaves and fresh green. So stem bunches will have a large diameter and length is perfect. Large cluster and the long is the guarantee of production is very important for plants Aren. For Aren sap tapping can be done much longer (can be up to 6 months).

• Frequency of tapping each bunch of flowers will take longer, tapping bunches will follow one after another on every tree and even the trees there is no production break. So almost the entire tree can be tapped throughout the year every day. Thus each tree sap can produce every day, and almost no break in production.

• Thus the sap of Sugar more and more. Nira maximum production can match its potential, especially if the management and maintenance of Palm trees can be done properly and the great potential support. I mean, the workers must be equipped with bunches tappers and science skills and enough discipline to adhere to standard operating procedures that apply. HR employees must be coached well, because the routine work and requires heavy physical and mental toughness vibrant and militant spirit.

• With these conditions productivity Nira Palm trees can be very maximum. A minimum rest period and the productivity of sap per tree will be high. Aren garden population of 200 trees per hectare is only 10% if the rest of production, so every day will be extracted 180 trees per hectare. If productivity per tree can reach 25 liters per day will result in each hectare palm will reach the 4500 liters of palm wine.

• From the resulting juice every day for 4500 liters of Bioethanol can be processed into about 300 liters (4500 liters: 15 liters / liter). If processed into sugar sugar will be as much as 600 kg / day / hectare (4500 liters: 7.5 lter / kg). Nhah ... how many money? If Bioethanol 99.50% for Rp 10,000 per liter, each day will result in the production value of Rp 3 million (USD 300 liters x 10.000/liter). Whereas if the price of sugar made sugar Rp 5000 for example, it will generate income Rp 3 million per day (600 kg x Rp 5.000/kg).

• If the gross income from each hectare could reach USD 3 million per day or per month will reach USD 90 million per hectare, or per year will reach Rp 1,080,000,000, -/hektar (one billion eight hundred million rupiah per hectare a year) . This potential is like gold Aren, such as signal Kanjeng Sunan Bonang. We are the grandchildren know it's only after hundreds of years later.

If Sunan Bonang Kanjeng signal can be translated to today's technology, the nation's history mngkn not like this. However, if the current era we also do not use the golden opportunity this Aren tree, then we would miss a neighboring country of Malaysia which is now very serious to develop Aren. They secretly develop Aren massive've even started in the era of 90 years ago.

They also divert our attention to other commodities such as distance and Palm. Malaysia deliberately Indonesia on other commodities besides Aren, because Malaysia has a very big ambitions as a player Aren Business and leading the largest in the world. For a very heavy competition for them is Indonesia, only Indonesians who have a tremendous potential for this Aren business.

Will Indonesia be imitators in the business again this Aren?

(COW-cassava-cassava AREN VS FLOUR-MEDICINE-ORGANIC FERTILIZER-bioethanol-Sugar-syrup)

By: Dian Kusumanto

This design stems from concern over farmers who joined in the Green Sustainable Farmers Group in the village Mamolo Nunukan. From the statements of the farmer members totaling 20 people, the level of average income is still very low even below the minimum wage. They seek land around 25 hectares of paddy fields and dry land area of 50 hectares. Their incomes average less than Rp 700,000 per month.

Several times the meeting shows that they are not the kind of lazy farmers, they are very diligent, almost no day without holding a hoe or a machete and garden or fields. Rice planted with rice only once a year sometimes twice, mostly dry land yet tergarap. A small portion is cultivated by planting cassava, corn, Lombok, tomatoes, peanuts, banana trees, durian trees, etc..

With state of the facilities what they are not sufficient energy to mengelolaha area. Capital is not enough to manage all land. Sometimes in times of need fertilizer or pest drugs not yet available capital and eventually the plants often experience crop failure. At the time to manage the fields, sometimes unfinished work on dry land had to be abandoned. They have not been able to manage farm business planning with mature, sometimes disrupt the climate plan. Tools limited agricultural machinery is not fully able to help overcome obstacles this season.

Discussion was often done to find ways to "change the fate" of all farmers from a mediocre to a passionate farmer income and prosperous life. Some thoughts were exchanged, the latter is the draft Corporate Farming Mix (abbreviated selajutnya CMF). So began the alternative commodities developed the easiest, best suited to local climate and soil and the farmers are familiar to manage, namely cassava or cassava.

CMF with this pattern of farming systems management combines synergistically some commodities, utilizing all the side products (used to be called waste) into other supporting materials that add value to other sub-systems in each content to fill. Farming system into a closed network even without input from outside the system, because inter-sub system kesinergisannya can cover each other's shortcomings.

This concept of food synergy continued pattern of feed and energy discussed earlier, namely between the Palm as a long term crop with cassava or cassava as a crop during pengisinya, supported by a cow as a key point of liaison between the subsystems of the external input dependence. To start the feed subsystem to be taken from the fields of rice straw waste.

Characteristic lies in increasing corporate value of products produced, including the processing plant into flour Cassava flour Cassava or Mocal, Bioethanol processing plants, Sugar Processing Plant, Organic Waste Processing Unit becomes Organic fertilizer and pesticides, animal feed management unit, Unit Manager other products, etc.. Therefore, in managing this CMF Farmers Group is working with a cooperative and some assistance from government agencies and NGOs.

The design of this CMF for 25 hectares of paddy land and 50 ha of dry land, outlined as follows:

1. Wet land area of 25 hectares planted with rice 2 times a year and once or annuals planted with crops of peanuts or corn. Of land was rice paddy fields managed by each farmer, as usual, but the waste in the form of straw used by the CMF for the preparation of cattle feed. Rice straw to be produced is approximately 1.5 times the production of rice, if the production could reach 5 tons per hectare, then jerapi produced from 25 ha of rice land during the planting season 2 time is 1.5 x 5 tons / ha x 2 seasons / year x 25 ha / season = 375 tons of hay per year.

The use of fertilizers and pest drugs gradually reduced and the total does not use the unit making organic fertilizers and pesticides has been running really using only their own organic fertilizer with sufficient quantities of rice and pulses can be increased even higher.

2. 375 tons of hay per year can be used as a backup to feed cows approximately 1 ton per day, or could provide the feed for approximately 40 head cow Bali (with an average feed 25 kg / head / day). Hay was stored in a place called the Warehouse Warehouse hay or cattle feed, because later after cassava harvest will begin a new source of food waste from cassava leaves and cassava tuber skin.
It should hay is pressed so as not to need a place that is too broad and large, as well as waste feed to come from cassava, should also be pressed.

3. Of rice straw was used as the starter early sources for cattle feed as many as 40 fish Bali. Cows are maintained with the stable system, so dung and urine can be collected for use in the manufacture of organic fertilizer and pesticide plant. Did not rule out the number of cattle will be added later after the feed was widely available. If not, feed the excess can be sold to another breeder or even offering cooperation with the holds and provide for farmer-owned cattle ranchers who run wild. With the maintenance of the stable system then the added value of the litter can produce fertilizers and pest drug also can be a high economic value.

4. For the initial phase is needed to shed 40 head Cattle Bali and Organic Waste Processing Unit. Bali Cattle shed units and organic waste processing unit should be adjacent to each other or holding hands. In the organic waste processing unit is also a processing unit and Organic Fertilizer Organic Pesticides and Biogas Unit. Organic fertilizers are two kinds, namely solid manure (manure) and liquid fertilizer (Biokultur) prepared from the solid waste from the cow shed. While processed Organic Pesticide from cow urine or cow urine is processed with special techniques mixed with the materials of the types of plants and certain materials.

Bali Cattle from as many as 40 tails is expected to produce as much solid waste is about 600 kg a day (15 kg / head / day x 40 fish) and cow urine of about 120 liters (of 3 liters / head / day x 40 tails).

5. Organic Fertilizer Processing Unit will be able to produce compost of about 300 kg a day, or will result in Biokultur of 1,000 s / d 6000 liters per day Biokultur accordance with the wishes and needs of future markets. Biokultur made from 50 liters of 5 kg of fresh solid waste with 1 liter of enzyme and water to 50 liters, plus various fertilizer materials from plant parts that contain elements of N, P or K, as well as supplementary materials other. Biokultur be sold at a price of between Rp 1,000 to Rp 2,000 per liter.

While Biourine (cow urine) processed to be drug along with an organic pesticide ingredient from the plant parts that contain anti-pest and plant diseases. From cow urine as much as 120 liters per day will be obtained approximately 100 liters Biourine every day. With the price Biourine Rp 5,000 to Rp 10,000 / liter, then there are additional opportunities Biourine income of between Rp Rp 500,000 to Rp 1 million per day.

Because the production of organic fertilizers and drugs will be overwhelming, it's likely there will be a new business unit of fertilizer sales and service outlets fertilizing other farmers outside this CMF. State development of this unit will be larger and larger at the time after the feed from cassava waste and abundant bio-ethanol, it is possible because the number of cattle that can be prepared pakannya also greater.

6. Dry land is cultivated from this CMF is 50 ha. Long-term commodity is planted AREN, intercropping plants are medium-term invested in these lands is Cassava. Cassava is planted in stages so that later stages can be harvested every day. Will be processed into cassava Cassava Flour and Flour and became Bioethanol Mocal.

Sugar Crop yield is projected to begin after the age of 6 years, while cassava is harvested between the ages of 8 to 12 months or approximately 10 months. Fertilization and treatment of pests and diseases using only organic fertilizers and organic pesticides which are manufactured for both Palm and cassava plants.

7. Cassava or cassava planted area of 50 ha for the production of Cassava Flour or flour and Mocal Bioethanol production. Therefore Cassava planted in stages so that for about 10 months of cassava can be planted covering around 50 hectares. Or it can also be calculated by 5-month per hectare, or in every month cassava planted area of 5 ha. Calculated with the assumption that the productivity of cassava is about 50 tons / ha / season, so in one season will be produced around 50 ha / season x 50 tons / ha = 2,500 tons per season. Cassava planting with the duration of approximately 10 months or 300 days it will produce approximately 8.3 tons of fresh cassava per day.

Planting of cassava using a population between 10,000 and 15,000 trees per ha with a production target of about 50 tons per hectare per season. Planted cassava is the kind that has a high production potential and a high-yield patinya. Fertilization and the use of pest and disease drugs using only organic fertilizer produced himself.

8. The amount of waste produced from the cassava tuber production of about 8 tons per day, the waste of tuber skin was approximately 15% -30% of the tuber, and waste in the form of leaves and stems young shoots around 50% - 100% of the tuber. Then the skin around the amount of waste from 1200 to 2400 kg and waste leaves and shoots of young cassava stems about 4 to 8 tons per day. So the waste that can be used as the feed is about 5.2 to 10.4 tons per day, if taken only a small number, say 6 tons or 6000 kg per day. If a cow consumes an average 25 kg of feed, so there are about 240 head of cattle could be provided with system pakannya cage.

This means that the feed could be sold to other breeders, or can be developed units of new business in other places to accommodate cattle of the farmers who are usually only released in the wild. Could have initiated efforts for livestock between CMF with other breeders or owners of cattle outside the CMF itself with food security and the experience of the CMF.
With kandangisasi and feed system provided, then the added value of waste materials of organic fertilizers and pesticides will be better. This condition can guarantee the availability of fertilizers to reduce and even eliminate the dependence of farmers for fertilizer and chemical pesticides drugs.

Management of organic waste from this cage can also cooperated because it CMF has enough experience already started to 'sell' to other farmers. All the farmers involved in this CMF are experts in their respective fields, and ready to transmit his knowledge and act as consultants to other farmers' groups.

9. Processing unit and Flour Cassava Flour Mocal (Modified Cassava Flour) prepared with a production capacity of about 2.5 - 3 tons per day. 1 kg of cassava flour produced from cassava about 3 kg or 3 kg to 1 kg of cassava. So from 8.3 tonnes of sweet potatoes will produce about 2.76 tons of cassava flour, or rounded it to 2.5 tons of cassava flour per day. Cassava flour means if judged by the price of Rp 2.000/kg course, it can be dperoleh foreign exchange amounting to Rp 5 million per day, or USD 150 million per month, or Rp 1.8 Milyard each year.

10. If CMF also provides processing unit Bioethanol from Sweet, it can be shared with the yam to cassava or even processed from flour cassavanya itself. As it is known that 1 liter of bioethanol can be produced from about 6.5 kg of sweet potato. If all the results processed cassava into Bioethanol will be produced about 1277 liters of Bioethanol or rounded to 1200 liters of bioethanol per day.

Bioethanol will be enlarged unit at Palm will have started to produce sap, which is about 6 years later. Capacity is expected to reach between 50,000 to 100,000 liters of juice per day, or the results of Bioethanol approximately 3500 to 7000 Bioethanol liters per day, or 105 to 210 kL / month or 1260 to 2520 kL / year if all the sap is used for Bioethanol. Value of business (if Bioethanol worth USD 5.000/liter) can reach about USD 6.3 to 12.6 Milyard per year. Unbelievable! Very fantastic.

11. Sugar Factory units will be one mainstay in this CMF system, because of this unit will produce a variety of products derived from this Palm Sugar. With Aren palm of 50,000 to 100,000 liters per day, it will be able to produce various products Palm Sugar reached about 6500 to 13,000 kg of sugar per day, or 195 -390 ton / month, or 2340 to 4680 Tons per year. Value of business (if sugar costs Rp 5.000/kg or per liter) can reach around USD 11.7 to 23.4 Milyard per year. This is obtained if all processed into sugar. Was more fantastic again. Thus the farmers involved will be OKB OKB, which may be very prosperous in Indonesia.

What do you think?